Delhi's Young And Educated AAP
Young AAP supporters
After an absolute landslide victory of Aam Aadmi Party(AAP) over the Bharatiya Janta Party(BJP) in the sixth assembly elections, the current assembly has emerged as Delhi's youngest assembly ever. Arvind Kejriwal who was sworn-in as Delhi's chief minister(CM) for the second time, is the youngest CM of Delhi.
The age factor is not limited to Kejriwal, the average age of AAP legislative members is only 44 years. The youngest legislators of AAP, Prakash Jarwal and Ritu Raj Govind are only 27 years old whereas the oldest AAP legislator, Hazari Lal Chauhan is 66 years old. In fact, Prakash Jarwal is not only the youngest candidate but also accounts for the highest vote share of 71 percent in the current elections.
The number of AAP candidates contesting for the first time were more in 2015 elections than in 2013. There were 28 new entrants in AAP, leading to the terminal where AAP emerges out as the youngest legislature of Delhi as well as with maximum freshmen in its brigade. It would be interesting to note at this point that the INC which was clearly sidelined in the elections, failing to score even a single seat, had Ajay Maken as their chief ministerial candidate, who was elected as the youngest member (then 29 years old) of Delhi assembly in 1993.
Age Distribution Graph (Source: Scroll)
AAP is not only young but educated as well. Against the general Indian politics backdrop ministers are not known for their academic qualifications. It has always been the least of concern for a minister to be educated. In 2013 elections, AAP had the least number of post graduate candidates which was 23, in comparison to BJP and INC which had 24 and 25 post graduate candidates respectively. But in 2015 elections, AAP reshuffled and ended up with 28 post graduate candidates, BJP had 26 and INC 15 only.
EDUCATION BACKGROUND GRAPH (Source: Scroll)
Even though AAP literally emerged out of aam(common) people, but the AAP candidates in possession of 1-10cr. assets is close to that of Congress, while BJP fell a bit short in the same bracket. Other than this, majority number of AAP candidates fall in the 30 lakh or below assets segment.
ASSETS GRAPH (Source: Scroll)
In all its spirit AAP reflects the changing dynamics of Indian politics but on women participation it seems stagnant just like its contemporaries. AAP had only 6 women candidates, while BJP had 7 and INC had 5.
GENDER GRAPH (Source: Scroll)
The point to note here is that quite against increasing number of women participation in other states, Delhi is not at all gaining in this regard. This situation attracts more concern when the crime rate against women in Delhi is at an all time high.
GENDER GRAPH (Source: Scroll)
Perhaps one of the most pleasant outcomes of the 2015 Delhi elections is the rise in the percentage of a candidate winning an election, who has no criminal record against him from 6 percent in 2008 to 8 percent in 2015. In 2013 elections, 36 percent MLAs and in 2008 elections 43 percent MLAs had declared criminal cases against them while in 2015 34 percent of the legislators declared criminal cases against them but none were reported under serious criminal cases like murder, attempt to murder, crimes against women etc. 23 AAP MLAs out of 67 and 1 out of 3 BJP MLAs declared criminal cases in 2015 elections. Therefore, the number of candidates that lost 2015 Delhi assembly elections with criminal cases against them has been the highest with 91 out of 673 candidates, including 60 candidates with serious criminal cases against them. There were 21 INC candidates, 26 BJP candidates, 12 BSP candidates and 1 AAP candidate with criminal cases against them who lost 2015 elections.
In contrast to Delhi’s youngest elected assembly, the 2014 16th Lok Sabha was the oldest Lok sabha elected in India. The new parliament elected last year had 53 percent members under 55 years. Therefore, a nation which has 50 percent of the population under the age of 25 elected the oldest Lok Sabha ever in 2014 and youngest legislative assembly for its capital in 2015. PRS legislative Research (PRS) analysis on productivity and parliamentary performance by age group, on the other hand have shown that there is no difference between younger and older Member Of Parliament in productivity.